Does jet fuel contain ethanol?

Does jet fuel contain ethanol?

On April 1, ASTM International added ethanol as an approved feedstock in ASTM D7566 Annex A5, the Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuel Containing Synthesized Hydrocarbons for alcohol-to-jet synthetic paraffinic kerosene (ATJ-SPK).

What is the composition of jet?


Molecular weight: ≈185
Composition: C9–C16 paraffins, vol % ≈ 53%; cycloparaffins, vol % ≈ 31%; aromatics, vol % ≈ 16%; olefins, vol % ≈ 0.5%. Aromatics typical of cracked gasoline and kerosene include benzene, alkyl benzenes, toluene, xylene, indenes, naphthalenes. Benzene content = 0.02%.

Which gas is used in jet?

Jet fuel (Jet A-1, kerosene) Jet fuel (Jet A-1 type aviation fuel, also called JP-1A) is used globally in the turbine engines (jet engines, turboprops) in civil aviation. This is a carefully refined, light petroleum. The fuel type is kerosene.

Can ethanol be used in jet engines?

Yes, jet/turbine engines can run on ethanol… but ethanol has only 60% of the energy content per mass unit of Jet-A fuel which means you have to use 67% more of it by mass to get the same energy output.

How is renewable jet fuel made?

Renewable Jet Fuel comes from feedstocks produced by green plants, which absorb atmospheric CO2 and convert it to sugars and oils which can be made into low-carbon jet fuel.

How is jet fuel made?

Jet fuels are primarily derived from crude oil, the common name for liquid petroleum. Jet fuels are typically made by blending and refining various crude oil petroleum distillation products such as naphtha, gasoline, or kerosene in order to meet specific military or commercial specifications (Air Force 1989b).

What is jet fuel chemical composition?

The composition of JP-4 is approximately 13% (v/v) aromatic hydrocarbons, 1.0% olefin hydrocarbons, and 86% saturated hydrocarbons (ITC 1985). It has a distillation temperature range of 60 to 270 °C (MacNaughton and Uddin 1984).

How is jet fuel different from gasoline?

Gasoline consists of hydrocarbons that contain anywhere from 7 to 11 carbon atoms with hydrogen molecules attached. Jet fuel, on the other hand, contains hydrocarbons more in the range of 12 to 15 carbon atoms. The other difference between gasoline and jet fuel is the additives injected into the mix for jet fuel.

How flammable is jet fuel?

At normal temperatures, aviation fuel gives off very little vapour. This means it doesn’t ignite easily and or form dangerous fuel-air mixtures. Once vaporised, however, jet fuel is extremely flammable and burns at a much higher temperature than other fuels.

Can you use ethanol to fly a plane?

As the aviation industry searches far and wide for replacements for petroleum, ethanol has emerged as a potential general aviation fuel that is reliable and clean. “While ethanol is a very good fuel for piston engine aircraft, it’s not suitable for jets,” says Dr Max Shauck, a pioneer for ethanol in aviation.

Can gas turbine run on ethanol?

Ethanol. Ethanol derived from sugarcane in Brazil or from other sources such as corn in the U.S. is one of the most efficient biofuels in terms of energy balance and carbon emissions. This is the world’s first use of sugarcane-based ethanol in a gas turbine system to produce electricity on a full commercial scale.

What octane is jet fuel?

The most common avgas is 100 octane, which is a measure of the fuel’s ability to resist premature detonation or “knock.” Avgas is also available at other octanes such as 87 and 130, but they are rare today.

How is ethanol converted to jet fuel?

In the first step of a multi-step ethanol-to-jet-fuel process developed by DOE’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory, a catalyst is used to convert ethanol into butene-rich C3+ olefins, important intermediates that can then be processed into aviation fuels.

Is ethanol the future of sustainable aviation fuel?

To greatly reduce its emissions, the U.S. commercial aviation sector will need new methods of making sustainable aviation fuel. The well-established, cost-competitive ethanol market provides an opportunity to shift the composition of jet fuel and other fuel products away from petroleum.

How much alcohol can you mix with jet fuel?

These fuels can be blended with commercial petroleum-based jet fuel up to 10 wt. % for DSHC, up to 30 wt. % for Alcohol to Jet and up to 50 wt. % for HEFA, FT-SPK and FT-SKA.

What is the density of jet a / Jet A-1 fuel?

According to ASTM D1655 (2004), the density of Jet A / Jet A-1 fuel must be in the range of 0.775 g/mL to 0.840 g/mL at 15 °C. The density was determined using a cleaned and dried 10-mL Gay-Lussac pycnometer. The pycnometer was weighed and tared. The pycnometer was completely filled with fuel and closed with a stopper.