How do you drop a table if exists in SQL?

How do you drop a table if exists in SQL?


  1. First, specify the name of the table to be removed.
  2. Second, specify the name of the database in which the table was created and the name of the schema to which the table belongs. The database name is optional.
  3. Third, use IF EXISTS clause to remove the table only if it exists.

What is drop table if exists?

Description. The DROP TABLE statement deletes the specified table, and any data associated with it, from the database. The IF EXISTS clause allows the statement to succeed even if the specified tables does not exist.

How do I know if a table exists before dropping?

Another way to see if a table exists is by querying the sys. tables system view to see if there is an entry for the table and schema names. DROP TABLE will not run because there is no row returned from sys. systables in the EXISTS clause.

How do I drop a table in SQL Server?

Drop a table with SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS) Object Explorer

  1. Expand Server dropdown.
  2. Expand Database dropdown.
  3. Right click on table to drop.
  4. Delete.

How write if exists in SQL Server?

If you execute CREATE statements for these objects, and that object already exists in a database, you get message 2714, level 16, state 3 error message as shown below. You may write a DROP statement before executing the create statement. It works fine if the object exists in the database.

Can we drop a table with foreign key?

In SQL Server, you cannot drop a table if it is referenced by a FOREIGN KEY constraint. You have to either drop the child tables before removing the parent table, or remove foreign key constraints.

What happens if the table does not already exist and you try to drop it?

Usually, developers check for the existence of any database object in the database and drop the object if it exists. If we try to drop a table that does not exist, we get the following error message. objects. If the object exists, execute the drop table statement else, no actions required.

What is the purpose of if DROP statements?

The drop statement removes the specified tables, indexes, or views from the database. Any synonyms and comments defined for the specified object are also dropped. If the object is a table, any indexes, views, privileges, and integrities defined on that table are automatically dropped.

How do I check if a table exists?

SQL: Check if table exists

  1. You can use this table with an IF THEN clause do determine how your query responds whether or not a table exists.

How do you drop a database in SQL?

To delete a database

  1. In Object Explorer, connect to an instance of the SQL Server Database Engine, and then expand that instance.
  2. Expand Databases, right-click the database to delete, and then click Delete.
  3. Confirm the correct database is selected, and then click OK.

How do you drop an object in SQL?

How to safely delete SQL database objects

  1. Open SQL Server Management Studio.
  2. Right click the object that is to be deleted and select the Delete option from the drop down list:
  3. In the Delete object dialog, click the Show dependencies button:

Why we use if exists in SQL?

The EXISTS condition in SQL is used to check whether the result of a correlated nested query is empty (contains no tuples) or not. The result of EXISTS is a boolean value True or False. It can be used in a SELECT, UPDATE, INSERT or DELETE statement.

How to drop a table in SQL?

Permissions Required

  • Setup.
  • Drop Table that Does Not Exist.
  • Option 1 – DROP TABLE if exists using OBJECT_ID () function (all supported versions) Using OBJECT_ID () will return an object id if the name and type passed to it
  • How do you rename a table in SQL?

    If you can access SQL Management Studio then you can follow below shown steps to change the table name. Double-click on the Table allows you to change the table name. SQL Server Rename Table Name Approach 2. Right-click on the Table, and select the Rename from the context menu. Change as per your requirement.

    What is a drop table in SQL?

    SQL DROP TABLE statement is used to remove table in a database. When you use the SQL DROP TABLE statement to remove a table, the database engine deletes all objects associated to that table including data, table structure, indexes, constraints, triggers and maybe privileges.

    How to drop column in SQL?

    In Object Explorer,connect to an instance of Database Engine.

  • In Object Explorer,locate the table from which you want to delete columns,and expand to expose the column names.
  • Right-click the column that you want to delete,and choose Delete.
  • In Delete Object dialog box,click OK.