How do you fix alternating exotropia?
HOW IS EXOTROPIA TREATED? Non-surgical treatment may include glasses and in some instances, patching therapy may be recommended. If the eyes are misaligned more often than they are straight, surgery on the eye muscles may be recommended in order to realign the eyes.
Can you control exotropia?
Exotropia is common and treatable, especially when diagnosed and corrected at a young age. By about 4 months of age, the eyes should be aligned and able to focus. If you notice misalignment after this point, have it checked out by an eye doctor.
What happens if exotropia is left untreated?
Generally, exotropia progresses in frequency and duration. As the disorder progresses, the eyes start to turn out when looking at close objects as well as those in the distance. If left untreated, the eye may turn out continually, causing a loss of binocular vision or stereopsis.
Do people with exotropia see double?
Signs and Symptoms of Exotropia Patients may also experience diplopia (double vision) or asthenopia (eye fatigue). Intermittent exotropia that develops before a child is school-aged and can be rather difficult to detect.
Is exotropia a neurological disorder?
Conclusion: Intermittent exotropia increasing with near fixation is associated with neurological disease in children.
How do you fix alternating strabismus?
Treatment options include:
- Glasses or contact lenses: This is often the first line of treatment.
- Vision therapy: Eye exercises may help to strengthen the eye function and the muscles around the eye to improve vision.
- Botox injections: Botox may be injected to realign the eyes of some people who have mild esotropia.
Is exotropia genetic?
Families are usually concordant for either esotropia or exotropia, but families with both forms have been reported. This finding may reflect the presence of 2 relatively common genes or 1 gene with variable expressivity.
Is exotropia a lazy eye?
Most people automatically use the term Lazy Eye when an eye crosses or turns outward. As stated above, an eye that moves on its own is a sign of Amblyopia or Lazy Eye, but Strabismus is the condition that one or both eyes turns inwards (esotropia) or out (exotropia).
Is exotropia neurological?
Is exotropia the same as lazy eye?
Does diabetes cause exotropia?
People with diabetes often have loss of circulation causing an acquired paralytic strabismus. Loss of vision in one eye from any cause will usually cause the eye to gradually turn outward (exotropia).
What causes alternating esotropia?
Esotropia is caused by eye misalignment (strabismus). While strabismus can be hereditary, not all family members will develop the same type. Some people develop esotropia, while others might develop eyes that turn outward instead (exotropia).
What is the difference between exotropia and esotropia?
Exotropia is a form of strabismus where the eyes are deviated outward. It is the opposite of esotropia. People with exotropia often experience crossed diplopia. Intermittent exotropia is a fairly common condition.
What are the treatment options for consecutive exotropia?
Treatment. Consecutive exotropia is an exotropia that arises after an initial esotropia. Most often it results from surgical overcorrection of the initial esotropia. It can be addressed with further surgery or with vision therapy; vision therapy has shown promising results if the consecutive exotropia is intermittent,…
What is intermittent exotropia and how common is it?
Intermittent exotropia comprises about 75-90% of the cases of exotropia and is usually preceded by a stage of exophoria. It affects about 1% of the general population. There are several theories as to why intermittent exotropia develops. These include:
Is unilateral or bilateral surgery more effective for intermittent exotropia?
Evidence from the available literature suggests that unilateral surgery was more effective than bilateral surgery for individuals affected with intermittent exotropia. The surgical procedure for the correction of exotropia involves making a small incision in the tissue covering the eye to reach the eye muscles.