How do you test for phthalates?
One easy way to recognize plastic toys, clothing, bottles, food and beverage storage containers, and/or food wrap that may contain phthalate compounds is to look for the number 3 inside the universal recycling symbol usually molded into the plastic on the bottom of the product.
How do I know if a product contains phthalates?
Under the authority of the Fair Packaging and Labeling Act (FPLA), FDA requires an ingredient declaration on cosmetic products sold at the retail level to consumers. Consumers can tell whether some products contain phthalates by reading the ingredient declaration on the labels of such products.
Is dibutyl phthalate banned in Canada?
Regulatory Status. Health Canada recently announced regulations banning six phthalates (including DBP) in soft vinyl children’s toys and child care articles, but its use in cosmetics is not restricted. The European Union bans DBP in cosmetics, as well as in childcare articles and toys.
Where can phthalates be found?
Phthalates have been found in dairy products, meats, fish, oils & fats, baked goods, infant formula, processed foods, and fast foods. This is true even if the food is organic. Phthalates are added to some food packaging and to materials used to handle and process food.
How long do phthalates stay in your body?
Once it enters your body, it breaks down into other chemicals, some of which are harmful. Diethyl phthalate and its breakdown products will leave your body mostly in the urine within about 2 days. Only small amounts of the compound or its breakdown products will remain in the tissues.
Does head and shoulders phthalate?
Head & Shoulders does not outright state whether most of its products contain phthalates or not, but none of the above phthalate-based ingredients appear on Head & Shoulders ingredient lists. Nearly all of the company’s products contain fragrance.
Is dibutyl phthalate toxic?
It appears to have relatively low acute (short-term) and chronic (long-term) toxicity. No information is available regarding the effects in humans from inhalation or oral exposure to dibutyl phthalate, and only minimal effects have been noted in animals exposed by inhalation.
What contains dibutyl phthalate?
Dibutyl phthalate is in a variety of personal care products like hair spray, insect repellent, and nail polish . It is also used in some household cleaning products, plastics, glues, paints, and rocket fule .
When was dibutyl phthalate discovered?
Di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) is an oily, sparingly water-soluble liquid with a very high boiling point (350 ºC). In 1962, R. H. Mills, M. W. Farrar, and O. J. Weinkauff at Monsanto reported its preparation from phthalic acid and n-butyl chloride.
Does all plastic have phthalates?
Weirdly, not all soft plastic contains phthalates. Most plastic wraps, water bottles, and food containers are phthalate-free.
Do phthalates leave the body?
Because of that hand-to-mouth behavior, phthalate particles in dust might be a greater risk for children than for adults. Inside a person’s body, phthalates are converted into breakdown products (metabolites) that quickly leave the body in urine.
What are the levels of dibutyl phthalate in drinking water?
(1) Dibutyl phthalate was detected in some drinking water supplies at levels ranging from 0.1 to 5 ppb. (1) Assessing Personal Exposure. Tests are available that can detect dibutyl phthalate in blood and body tissues, and the major breakdown products of dibutyl phthalate can be measured in urine.
What is dibutyl phthalate 84 74 2?
Dibutyl Phthalate. 84-74-2. Hazard Summary. Dibutyl phthalate is used in making flexible plastics that are found in a variety of consumer products. It appears to have relatively low acute (short-term) and chronic (long-term) toxicity.
Is dibutyl phthalate harmful to humans?
No studies are available on the reproductive, developmental, or carcinogenic effects of dibutyl phthalate in humans. Animal studies have reported developmental and reproductive effects from oral exposure.
What are the developmental effects of dibutyl phthalate toxicity during pregnancy?
(1) Animal studies have reported developmental effects, such as reduced fetal weight, decreased number of viable litters, and birth defects (neural tube defects) in mice exposed orally to dibutyl phthalate.