How do you use commas in APA format?

How do you use commas in APA format?

Comma Use

  1. Use commas to separate independent clauses when they are joined by any of these seven coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet.
  2. Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words that come before the main clause.

Are there commas before and in APA?

When there are two authors, give both names as well as the date in parentheses. Use an ampersand (&) instead of the word “and” and place a comma before the date. Use commas to separate the names, use an ampersand (&) instead of “and,” and place a comma before the date.

Does APA use Oxford commas?

APA uses the serial (or Oxford) comma in lists of three or more items (i.e., Groucho, Harpo, and Zeppo). Most prefixes are not hyphenated: semistructured, nondenominational, multimedia, antisocial, posttest, pretest, and so forth.

Do you put commas in numbers apa?

Generally, you can spell out numbers below 10 in words (seven, three), and use numerals for anything 10 and higher (10, 42). In numbers greater than 1,000, use commas to separate groups of three digits except in page numbers, binary code, serial numbers, temperatures, acoustic frequencies, and degrees of freedom.

How do you use commas examples?

Rule 1. Use commas to separate words and word groups in a simple series of three or more items. Example: My estate goes to my husband, son, daughter-in-law, and nephew. Note: When the last comma in a series comes before and or or (after daughter-in-law in the above example), it is known as the Oxford comma.

What are the different types of commas?

There are four types of comma: the listing comma, the joining comma, the gapping comma and bracketing commas. A listing comma can always be replaced by the word and or or: Vanessa seems to live on eggs, pasta and aubergines.

Is there a comma in APA in-text citation?

In APA, in-text citations are inserted in the body of your research paper to briefly document the source of your information. In-text citations include the last name of the author followed by a comma and the publication year enclosed in parentheses: (Smith, 2007).

Does 1000 need a comma?

1000 or one thousand is the natural number following 999 and preceding 1001. In most English-speaking countries, it is often written with a comma separating the thousands digit: 1,000.

What is the last comma in a series called?

Perhaps no mark of punctuation ruffles feathers more than the serial comma (also called series comma, Oxford comma, and Harvard comma). This comma precedes the final item in a list or series, before the word and or or.

What are the 3 comma rules?

Since I made such a stink about it, let’s start with this rule:

  • Use a comma between items in a series or list.
  • Use a comma between two independent clauses separated by a conjunction.
  • Use a comma between two adjectives preceding a noun.
  • Your Mission.

What are the 5 comma rules?

Five Comma Rules

  • Use a comma after an introductory phrase or clause.
  • Use commas before and after a parenthetical phrase or clause.
  • Use a comma to separate two independent clauses linked by a coordinating conjunction (and, but, for, nor or, so, yet)
  • Use a comma to separate items in a series.

Does APA style use a serial comma?

Use serial commas. The APA Style guide actually requires the serial comma, and other major academic style guides, such as MLA and Chicago, recommend it. The serial comma is the comma before the conjunction in a list (e.g. The Wild, the Innocent, and the E Street Shuffle).

Are the commas correctly placed?

Normally, you should put a comma between two complete sentences that are joined with a coordinating conjunction (and, or, but, for, nor, so, yet) that creates a single sentence with two independent clauses: Sue didn’t know whether she had enough money in her account to pay for the groceries, so she went to an ATM to check her balance.

What is the serial comma in APA style?

-Serial comma: When writing a series of three or more items, the last comma before the and (the serial comma) should be included according to APA style.

Which is the correct usage of commas?

17 rules for using commas correctly without looking like a fool Use a comma before any coordinating conjunction (and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet) that links two independent clauses. Use a comma after a dependent clause that starts a sentence. Use commas to offset appositives from the rest of the sentence. Use commas to separate items in a series. Use a comma after introductory adverbs.