Is Proteus a lactose fermenter?

Is Proteus a lactose fermenter?

Proteus, unlike the coliforms, deaminates phenylalanine to phenylpyruvic acid, and it does not ferment lactose. Typically, Proteus is rapidly urease positive. Some species of Klebsiella, Enterobacter, and Serratia produces a positive urease reaction, but they do so more slowly.

Does Proteus mirabilis grow on Mac?

Colonial morphology P. mirabilis and P. vulgaris (sometimes) swarm in waves on blood agar and chocolate agar, covering the entire surface of the plate. They produce colourless (NLF), flat, 2- to-3-mm-diameter colonies on MAC; sometimes slightly swarming; having a foul smell.

What grows best on MacConkey agar?

Crystal violet dye and bile salts prevent the growth of Gram-positive bacteria and fastidious Gram-negative bacteria (such as Neisseria and Pasteurella) making it favorable for the growth of gram-negative bacteria.

What bacteria does MacConkey agar test for?

MacConkey agar is used for the isolation of gram-negative enteric bacteria and the differentiation of lactose fermenting from lactose non-fermenting gram-negative bacteria.

Does Proteus vulgaris endospores?

Cell structure. P. vulgaris is a rod-shaped, chemoorganotrophic, Gram-negative bacteria between 1 and 3 microns in size (2). It is motile by peritrichous flagella, and does not have capsules or spores (2).

Is Proteus vulgaris citrate negative?

P. vulgaris can test positive or negative for citrate. All combine for a Biocode ID of 31406, (Biocode ID 31402, 31404, 31407 all resulting in P.

What media does Proteus grow?

Proteus vulgaris and Proteus mirabilis tend to form a thin, spreading growth (swarm) on the surface of moist agar media, often overgrowing other bacterial isolates. They also produce hydrogen sulfide and liquefy gelatin. P.

How do you identify Proteus?

It is oxidase-negative but catalase- and nitrate-positive. Specific tests include positive urease (which is the fundamental test to differentiate Proteus from Salmonella) and phenylalanine deaminase tests. On the species level, indole is considered reliable, as it is positive for P.

Does Enterococcus faecalis grow on MacConkey agar?

Enterococci appear on MacConkey Agar No. 2 as small, intensely coloured, red-purple colonies. Colonies of non-lactose fermenters appear colourless, while bile tolerant Gram-positive organisms, such as Staphylococci and non-faecal Streptococci, are completely inhibited.

Does Staphylococcus aureus grow on MacConkey agar?

MacConkey agar selects for organisms like Escherichia coli (Gram negative bacilli) while inhibiting the growth of organisms like Staphylococcus aureus (Gram positive cocci).

What is MacConkey agar used for?

MacConkey Agar (MAC) is a selective and differential medium designed to isolate and differentiate enterics based on their ability to ferment lactose. Bile salts and crystal violet inhibit the growth of Gram positive organisms.

What does the MacConkey agar determine?

MacConkey agar is a selective and differential culture medium for bacteria. It is designed to selectively isolate Gram-negative and enteric (normally found in the intestinal tract) bacteria and differentiate them based on lactose fermentation.

Can Proteus vulgaris grow on MacConkey agar?

PROTEUS VULGARIS CULTURE ON MACCONKEY AGAR MEDIUM The Swarming of Proteus vulgaris is best observed in Nutrient Agar medium, covering the whole plate. The colonies are small, glistening and usually, the growth is irregular due to swarming. CULTURE OF PROTEUS VULGARIS ON NUTRIENT AGAR MEDIUM

What are the components of MacConkey agar?

Key components of the MacConkey medium include crystal violet dye, bile salts, lactose, and neutral red (pH indicator).  Crystal violet dye and bile salts halt the growth of gram-positive bacteria. This allows only gram-negative species to form colonies on MAC agar. 

How to identify Coliform organisms on MacConkey’s broth?

Other organisms produce hydrogen sulfide and appear as black colonies on HE agar including Citrobacter spp. MacConkey’s broth and MacConkey’s agar are not satisfactory media for the detection and enumeration of coliform organisms in foods. One of the most reliable methods uses violet red bile agar in pour plate counts.

What type of agar is used for pus & urine samples?

For pus & urine samples, blood agar and MacConkey agar are commonly used. Proteus grow on the Blood agar plate in successive waves to form a thin filmy layer of concentric circles ( swarming). Proteus do not swarm in the MacConkey agar medium and form smooth, pale or colourless (NLF) colonies.