What are the basic rules of reported speech?

What are the basic rules of reported speech?

The tenses, word-order, pronouns may be different from those in the direct speech sentence. The Past Perfect Tense does not change in the Reported Speech….Change of tenses.

Direct speech Reported speech
Simple Past Simple Past Present Perfect Past Perfect Past Perfect
Simple Past will would
Reported speech ‘to be’

How do you teach a reported speech to a beginner?

How to Teach Reported Speech in 3 Steps

  1. Get rid of the quotation marks and comma, and insert ‘that’ after the word ‘said’
  2. Backshift the verb (make it more past)
  3. Change the point-of-view words (certain pronouns, determiners, and adverbs) to fit the new context.

What are the 4 types of reported speech?

Reported Speech and Reported Verb Reported speech is more of ‘Mood/ Tone’ of a speaker. The reported speech can be Assertive/Declarative, Imperative, Interrogative, and Exclamatory. Reported verb is the tense in which the sentence is spoken. It can be ‘Past’, ‘present’, ‘Future’.

What are the 20 examples of reported speech?

20 Reported Speech Example Sentences

  • He said that he was living in Paris.
  • She said she had taken Spanish lessons before.
  • She says the exam is very difficult.
  • Mary said, “My husband went with me to the show yesterday.”
  • He said he had gone to London the week before.
  • He said he could swim when he was four.

What is the formula for reported speech?

Reported Speech = ‘Tomie said (that) she was tired. In reported speech we need to use the past tense form of the verb. In direct speech the present tense is used. As you can see, in the above sentence ‘am’ changes to ‘was’ when we use reported speech.

What is reported speech 5 examples?

She said (that) she was living in London. She said (that) she had bought a car OR She said (that) she bought a car. She said (that) she had been walking along the street. She said (that) she hadn’t seen Julie.

What is reported speech example?

Reported speech is when we tell someone what another person said. To do this, we can use direct speech or indirect speech. direct speech: ‘I work in a bank,’ said Daniel. indirect speech: Daniel said that he worked in a bank.

How do you explain a reported speech?

Reported speech is speech which tells you what someone said, but does not use the person’s actual words: for example, ‘They said you didn’t like it’, ‘I asked her what her plans were’, and ‘ Citizens complained about the smoke’.

What is the structure of reported speech?

Reported speech: reporting and reported clauses Speech reports consist of two parts: the reporting clause and the reported clause. The reporting clause includes a verb such as say, tell, ask, reply, shout, usually in the past simple, and the reported clause includes what the original speaker said.

What are rules for direct and indirect speech?

Changes as per Tense

Direct Speech Indirect Speech
Present simple (Subject +V1st + Object) Past simple (Subject +V2 + Object)
Present continuous (Subject +is/am/are+V1 +ing+ Object) Past Continuous (Subject +was/were+V1 +ing+ Object)
Present perfect (Subject + has/have+V3+Object) Past perfect (Subject+had+V3+Object)

What are the two basic rules for direct and indirect speech?

Rules for changing Direct into Indirect Speech Present Tenses in the Direct Speech are changed into Past Tense. If the reporting or principal verb is in the Past Tense. If in direct speech you find say/says or will say.

How do you write a reported speech example?

Reported Speech = ‘Tomie said (that) she was tired. ‘ In reported speech we need to use the past tense form of the verb….using suggestions in reported speech

  1. ‘My brothers are taller than me.
  2. ‘I will see you soon.
  3. ‘I have a cold.
  4. ‘I know the way.
  5. ‘He lost his phone.
  6. ‘Do you want a coffee?

How do you use reported speech in a sentence?

Statement: I feel sad. Reported Speech: He said he felt sad. Since reported speech is reported after the fact, the reporting verb is usually in the simple past tense. This means that you will usually need to change the tense of the second clause. For example: I like oranges. He said that he liked oranges. I am swimming.

What are the rules for backshifting reported speech?

Below is a reported speech tense change chart with the rules for backshifting for each tense and for modal verbs. Reported speech does not go back a tense if it is already in the past perfect (there is no further back it can go), and some modal verbs also do not change. He said he was having lunch with his parents.

What is the difference between direct speech and reported speech?

The tenses, word-order, pronouns may be different from those in the direct speech sentence. Direct speech: Jake said: I bought some DVDs. Reported speech: Jake said that he bought some DVDs . Simple present tense usually changes to the simple past in reported speech. He says, ” We are in London for the first time .” Direct speech

How do reported speech statements work in the simple present tense?

First, let’s look at how reported speech statements work in the simple present tense: If you report a statement using the simple present tense (say, tell, etc), then you can also leave the original statement in the present tense. Here are a few examples: I like basketball -> They say that they like basketball.