What are the major drought affected states in India?

What are the major drought affected states in India?

Rajasthan is one of the most drought prone areas of India….Some of these are :

  • Tirunelveli district, south of Vaigai River in Tamil Nadu.
  • Coimbatore area in Kerala.
  • Saurashtra and Kutch regions in Gujarat.
  • Mirzapur plateau and Palamu regions in Uttar Pradesh.
  • Purulia district of West Bengal.
  • Kalahandi region of Orissa.

Who is responsible for drought in Maharashtra 2013?

Construction of large dams, water intensive cropping patterns, neglect of local water systems and unaccountable water management are to blame for this unprecedented situation. A former planning commissioner agrees that large dams are not the solution to Maharashtra’s water worries.

What are the areas affected by drought in India?

Rajasthan, Gujarat, Odisha and some north-eastern states like Nagaland are under severe to exceptional drought like conditions, according to estimates based on the last two months’ rainfall patterns. “Southern Rajasthan, northern Maharashtra, Gujarat, Odisha and Chhattisgarh are facing a difficult time.

Which is the biggest drought in India?

India faced 22 major droughts between 1871 and 2002. The drought of 1987 was perhaps the worst drought of the last century, with an overall rainfall deficit of 19 per cent. It affected nearly 60 per cent of the crop area and more than 85 million people were severely affected.

Which of the following states is prone to drought?

Drought Situation in India The drought hit states are Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Maharashtra, parts of the North-East, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu and Telangana. These states are home to 500 million people, almost 40% of the country’s population.

When was last drought in India?

A severe drought that hit southern India during 2016-2018 was the worst to hit the region over the past 150 years and was associated with a deficit in the northeastern monsoon.

In which year drought happened in Maharashtra?

The 2013 drought in Maharashtra in India came about after the region received lower rainfall during the monsoon season June to September 2012. It is considered as the region’s worst drought in 40 years. The worst-hit areas in Maharashtra were Solapur, Parbhani, Ahmednagar, Latur, Pune, Satara, Beed and Nashik.

What are the four major reasons for 2012 drought in Maharashtra?

The blame for this lies entirely on wrong decisions about building unviable and undesirable large dams, wrong cropping patterns, diversion of water for non priority uses, neglect of local water systems and unaccountable water management by the Maharashtra government, MWRRA (Maharashtra Water Resources Regulatory …

Which states have droughts?

According to a U.S. Drought Monitor map published by the National Drought Mitigation Center at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, the 11 states experiencing extreme drought conditions are New Mexico; Arizona; California; Nevada; Utah; Oregon; Washington; Montana; North Dakota; Colorado; and Wyoming.

When was India’s worst drought?

Which state of India is most affected by flood?

August 2019 Indian floods including 2019 Kerala floods: Following high rain in late July and early August 2019, series of floods that affected over nine states in India. The states of Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Gujarat were the most severely affected.

What area of India is drought prone?

About 42% of India’s land area is facing drought, with 6% exceptionally dry–four times the spatial extent of drought last year, according to data for the week ending March 26, 2019, from the Drought Early Warning System (DEWS), a real-time drought monitoring platform.

How many people are affected by drought in India this year?

The predictions were not wrong. In India, it has been reported that a total of 330 million people are affected by the drought this year7. That is a quarter of the population of India – spread out across 2,55,923 villages in 266 districts in 11 states of the country.

Which district of Maharashtra is most affected by drought?

Residents of Latur, Osmanabad, Nanded, Aurangabad, Jalna, Jalgaon and Dhule districts were also affected by this famine. Map of India with Maharashtra State in red. In January 2013, the Indian government reported that 7,896 villages in Maharashtra were affected by drought.

Which district of Odisha has been the worst hit by droughts?

Latur was the worst affected district, followed by Parbhani, Osmananabad, Jalna, Beed, and Aurangabad. Odisha faced a 13 per cent deficit in rainfall until August 31, 2015, with six out of its 30 districts facing a deficit as high as 40 per cent.

Are droughts pushing people to migrate to Mumbai?

Reports say severe droughts have prompted people to migrate to Mumbai and neighboring states of Gujarat, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh from 3,905 villages in 12 districts of the state. Districts of Ahmednagar, Aurangabad, Jalna, Beed and Osmanabad are reported to have only enough drinking water reserves to sustain through March.