What does differentia specifica meaning?
n pl , -tiae (Logic) a feature by which two subclasses of the same class of named objects can be distinguished, (Also called) difference.
What is differentia Aristotle?
According to Aristotle, the definition of a species consists of genus proximum and differ- entia specifica. The differentia specifica is that part of the definition not pro- vided by the genus. 2. Examples. The differentia is the attribute by which one species is distinguished from all others of the same genus.
What is genus species and differentia?
These were the concepts of genus, or kind (as animal is the genus, or kind, under which Socrates falls); species, or sort (Socrates is a man); differentia, or distinguishing characteristic (rationality distinguishes humans from other members of the genus animal); property (being capable of laughter was said to be a…
What does formal genus mean?
1 : a class, kind, or group marked by common characteristics or by one common characteristic specifically : a category of biological classification ranking between the family and the species, comprising structurally or phylogenetically (see phylogenetic sense 2) related species or an isolated species exhibiting unusual …
What is an example of an extended definition?
“An extended definition may explain the word’s etymology or historical roots, describe sensory characteristics of something (how it looks, feels, sounds, tastes, smells), identify its parts, indicate how something is used, explain what it is not, provide an example of it, and/or note similarities or differences between …
What is proximate genus?
The proximate genus consists of the essential elements w/c makes the object or individual similar to others. 6. Sometimes it is difficult to give the essential features of objects or things, this explains the general acceptance of a simple description of its characteristics.
How does Aristotle define the universal?
In Aristotle’s view, universals are incorporeal and universal, but only exist only where they are instantiated; they exist only in things. Aristotle said that a universal is identical in each of its instances. For the Aristotelian, knowledge of the universals is not obtained from a supernatural source.
What is the meaning of metaphysics in philosophy?
In modern philosophical terminology, metaphysics refers to the studies of what cannot be reached through objective studies of material reality. Metaphysics might include the study of the nature of the human mind, the definition and meaning of existence, or the nature of space, time, and/or causality.
What is research in one word?
1 : careful or diligent search. 2 : studious inquiry or examination especially : investigation or experimentation aimed at the discovery and interpretation of facts, revision of accepted theories or laws in the light of new facts, or practical application of such new or revised theories or laws.
What is an example of Stipulative definition?
Many holders of controversial and highly charged opinions use stipulative definitions in order to attach the emotional or other connotations of a word to the meaning they would like to give it; for example, defining “murder” as “the killing of any living thing for any reason”.
What kind of definition that follows the formula term genus +differentia?
Aristotelian equation: Definition of term = genus + differentia. TERM CLASS DIFFERENTIATION Person is a human being considered as having a character of his or her own; or as being different from all others.
What is an example of a formal definition?
The definition of formal is something that follows rules, is a dressy or important occasion, or something that has official sanctioning or approval. An example of formal is a dinner party at a mansion where everyone dresses up in fancy clothes and is very polite.
What is differentdifferentia specifica?
Differentia specifica dēffārān´tē‐a spākē´fēka . difɜren´šu spesi´fiku . n. pl. “Specific difference.”A basis for discriminating between two or more alternatives. E.g., “The qualification ‘as such’ serves also as Access to the complete content on Oxford Reference requires a subscription or purchase.
What is the meaning of differentia in medical terms?
Medical Definition of differentia. : the element, feature, or factor that distinguishes one entity, state, or class from another especially : a characteristic trait distinguishing a species from other species of the same genus. More from Merriam-Webster on differentia.
What is the meaning of the word difference?
An attribute that distinguishes one entity from another, especially an attribute that distinguishes one species from others of the same genus. [Latin, difference, from differēns, different-, present participle of differre, to differ; see differ .] American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition.