# What is mean metal temperature in heat exchanger?

## What is mean metal temperature in heat exchanger?

The metal temperature is calculated much the same way in all cases. In heat exchangers the tube metal temperature will be between the hot- and cold-side fluid temperatures. On the other hand, if one stream is cold water, with a minimum film temperature, the metal temperature will be nearer the water temperature.

## What does design temperature mean?

Design temperature is based on the maximum temperature that the equipment will be subjected to and includes the range of high and low temperatures that the geographical area maintains for 99% of the year, taking the 30-year average into account.

How do you find the minimum design metal temperature?

Procedure. Step 1: Determine the lowest anticipated temperature to which the vessel will be subjected. Step 2: Compare the lowest combined pressure-temperature case with the MDMT for each component. Step 3: Determine if any components must be impact tested in their proposed material grade and thickness.

How do you calculate the temperature of a heat exchanger wall?

According to the formula of heat resistance RP of heat exchanger plate, TW2 = tw1-q1rp is used to calculate the wall temperature TW2 on the other side; 5.

### What is the difference between design temperature and operating temperature?

The operating temperature is the temperature which prevails inside equipment and piping during any intended operation. The design temperature is the highest temperature at which equipment may be subjected to the upper and/or lower design pressure.

### What is the minimum temperature for carbon steel?

Impact-tested carbon steel can be specified with minimum design temperatures down to -50° F. (-46° C.). Types 304 or 316 stainless steel can be specified for design temperatures below -50° F. Project piping standards are generally based on the industry piping standard ASME B31.

How is the design temperature difference calculated?

Design temperature is determined based on the maximum normal operating temperature and the addition of a design margin. If temperature fluctuation is expected during normal operation, the maximum value of the fluctuating temperature must be considered.

What is heat exchanger design?

Thermal design of a shell and tube heat exchanger typically includes the determination of heat transfer area, number of tubes, tube length and diameter, tube layout, number of shell and tube passes, type of heat exchanger (fixed tube sheet, removable tube bundle etc), tube pitch, number of baffles, its type and size.

## What is a temperature profile?

A temperature profile is how temperature of something changes as a function of distance. In atmospheric sciences, the temperature profile of the atmosphere is how the temperature of the atmosphere changes as a function of altitude above sea level.

## What is the difference between designdesign temperature and tube metal temperature?

Design temperature is the temperature which the exchanger tube or shell can withstand at operating pressure without creep failure. The design temperature basically comes under mechanical design. Tube metal temperature (TMT) is more of process design interest.

What is the significance of the mean metal temperature?

The mean metal temperature is not that useful a term in heat transfer from the point of view of thermal design. As Tarek Mahmoud has pointed out, it helps in calculation of the metal conductivity to consider.

How do you calculate the mean temperature of a tube?

As the tubes experience the shell side and tube side fluids, the mean temperature can be taken as the mean of the four terminal temperatures: (32 + 35 + 120 + 40) / 4 = 56.75F. This method can be used is you have no other way of accurately getting the mean metal temperatures. Thanks Ray.

### What is the MMT temperature of a steel tube?

This can be considered as MMT, but you had better consider tube design temperature being a bit higher, (say) 230 oC. Instead of said MMT, we use design temperature for excahngers.