Why fetal calf serum is used in cell culture?

Why fetal calf serum is used in cell culture?

Fetal bovine serum is the most widely used serum-supplement for the in vitro cell culture of eukaryotic cells. This is due to it having a very low level of antibodies and containing more growth factors, allowing for versatility in many different cell culture applications.

What is fetal bovine serum used for?

Fetal bovine serum (FBS) is used as a growth supplement for the in vitro cell culture of eukaryotic cells. Animal sera—both bovine and non-bovine sera—are used in cell culture applications with the most widely used being fetal bovine serum (FBS).

What is cell culture medium and why is it supplemented with Foetal bovine serum?

As a supplement for cell culture media, FBS is intended to maintain cell viability and facilitate cell metabolism, growth, proliferation, and spreading in culture. FBS is obtained from the blood of foetal calves.

Is Foetal bovine serum required for cell survival?

Fetal serum contains more growth factors and has lower gamma globulin (i.e., antibodies) content and non-fetal serum. These are important because the growth factors facilitate cell survival and proliferation while antibodies could bind to the cells in culture.

How is calf serum obtained?

Fetal bovine serum (FBS) is a common component of animal cell culture media. It is harvested from bovine fetuses taken from pregnant cows during slaughter. FBS is commonly harvested by means of a cardiac puncture without any form of anaesthesia.

Why is fetal bovine serum bad?

Risks With Culture Media Additional xenogeneic factors found in the use of animal products (FBS or fetal calf serum [FCS]) can also induce hyperimmunogenic MSCs, causing rejection of the cell therapy and possible infections, with increased risks with multiple MSC transplants.

What is the disadvantage of serum?

The disadvantages of serum are described, including variability, shelf life, availability, effect on down-stream processing, and potential for contamination.

Is fetal bovine serum from humans?

Fetal bovine serum (FBS) is a byproduct of harvesting cattle for the meatpacking industry—it’s used extensively by both academic and industrial researchers as a supplement to basal growth medium in cell culture applications. FBS is the liquid portion that remains after blood is drawn from bovine fetus coagulates.

How is fetal bovine serum extracted?

How do you collect fetal bovine serum?

Fetal bovine blood is collected from deceased pregnant cows in government approved facilities. Blood is drawn via cardiac puncture from the expired fetus in a closed, aseptic system using best practices to regulate hemoglobin and endotoxin levels. The blood is refrigerated to encourage clotting.

Why is bovine serum albumin used in vaccines?

Bovine serum albumin (BSA) is a major component of fetal bovine serum (FBS), which is commonly used as a culture medium during vaccine production. Because BSA can cause allergic reactions in humans the World Health Organization (WHO) has set a guidance of 50 ng or less residual BSA per vaccine dose.

Who is known as father of tissue culture?

Gottlieb Haberlandt is known as the father of plant tissue culture.

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