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A Declaration of Interest (sometimes called a Disclosure Statement) is a notification from the author that there’s no financial/personal interest or belief that could affect their objectivity, or if there is, stating the source and nature of that potential conflict.
A Declaration of Conflicting Interests policy refers to a formal policy a journal may have to require a conflict of interest statement or conflict of interest disclosure from a submitting or publishing author.
“A potential conflict of interest exists if the private interests of the person, as indicated by the person’s disclosure statement, might interfere with the public interests the person is required to serve in the exercise of the person’s authority and duties in the person’s office or position of employment.” Ohio Rev.
Broadly, there are five causes of conflict:Information: Something was missing, incomplete or ambiguous.Environment: Something in the environment leads to the conflict.Skills: People lack the appropriate skills for doing their work.Values: A clash of personal values leads to conflict.
Five Commonest Types of Conflict in LiteratureConflict 1. Man Versus Self. Conflict 2. Man Versus Society. Conflict 3. Man Versus Man. Conflict 4. Man Versus Nature. Conflict 5. Man Versus Supernatural.
How to Handle Conflict in the WorkplaceTalk with the other person. Focus on behavior and events, not on personalities. Listen carefully. Identify points of agreement and disagreement. Prioritize the areas of conflict. Develop a plan to work on each conflict. Follow through on your plan. Build on your success.
Kenneth Thomas and Ralph Kilmann developed five conflict resolution strategies that people use to handle conflict, including avoiding, defeating, compromising, accommodating, and collaborating. This is based on the assumption that people choose how cooperative and how assertive to be in a conflict.
Tips for Managing ConflictAccept conflict. Remember that conflict is natural and happens in every ongoing relationship. Be a calming agent. Listen actively. Analyze the conflict. Model neutral language. Separate the person from the problem. Work together. Agree to disagree.
Misunderstandings, closed-mindedness, and passive-aggressive behavior all contribute to the following workplace conflicts.Interdependence/Task-Based Conflicts. Leadership Conflicts. Work Style Conflicts. Personality-Based Conflicts. Discrimination. Creative Idea Conflict.
Situation: Briefly explain the issue you were dealing with in a positive, constructive way. Task: Describe your role in the situation. Action: Discuss what you did to resolve or address the situation. Result: Emphasize what you learned and how your actions had a positive outcome.
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